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Lists of foods

This is a categorically-organized list of foods. Food is any substance Encyclopædia Britannica definition consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth. Note: due to the high number of foods in existence, this article is limited to being organized categorically, based upon the main subcategories within the category page, along with information about main categorical topics and list article links.

Basic foods

Legumes

s]]

Edible plants

  • – In common language usage, fruit normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of a plant that are sweet or sour and edible in the raw state, such as apples, oranges, grapes, strawberries, bananas, and lemons. On the other hand, the botanical sense of "fruit" includes many structures that are not commonly called "fruits", such as bean pods, corn kernels, wheat grains, and tomatoes.
:* List of culinary fruits :* List of citrus fruits :* List of coconut dishes :* List of fruit dishes ::* List of apple dishes ::* List of avocado dishes ::* List of banana dishes ::* List of lemon dishes and beverages ::* List of melon dishes ::* List of plum dishes :* List of garden plants :* List of plants used in South Asian cuisine
  • Edible tubers – Not all tubers are edible. Those that are include potatoes, sweet potatoes and yams. Tubers are various types of modified plant structures that are enlarged to store nutrients. They are used by plants to survive the winter or dry months, to provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season, and as a means of asexual reproduction. There are both stem and root tubers.
:* List of root vegetables :* List of potato dishes :* List of sweet potato cultivars
  • – in culinary terms, a vegetable is an edible plant or its part, intended for cooking or eating raw.
:* List of vegetables :* List of leaf vegetables :* List of vegetable dishes ::* List of cabbage dishes ::* List of carrot dishes ::* List of eggplant dishes ::* List of onion dishes File:Fruit Stall in Barcelona Market.jpg|Several culinary fruits File:Patates.jpg|Edible tubers – a variety of potato cultivars File:Marketvegetables.jpg| Vegetables

Edible fungi

species]]

Edible nuts and seeds

]] is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). Pictured is a mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, (also containing wild rice).]]
  • – a nut is a fruit composed of a hard shell and a seed, where the hard-shelled fruit does not open to release the seed ( indehiscent). In a culinary context, a wide variety of dried seeds are often called nuts, but in a botanical context, only ones that include the indehiscent fruit are considered true nuts. The translation of "nut" in certain languages frequently requires paraphrases, as the word is ambiguous.
Many seeds are edible and the majority of human calories comes from seeds, especially from cereals, legumes and nuts. Seeds also provide most cooking oils, many beverages and spices and some important food additives. :* List of culinary nuts :* List of edible seeds :* List of sesame seed dishes

Baked goods

Baked goods are cooked by baking, a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat.

Breads

breads]] :* List of American breads :* List of brand name breads :* List of bread rolls :* List of buns :* List of British breads :* List of Indian breads :* List of Pakistani breads :* List of quick breads :* List of sweet breads

Dairy products

  • dairy products are food produced from the milk of mammals. Dairy products are usually high energy-yielding food products. A production plant for the processing of milk is called a dairy or a dairy factory. Apart from breastfed infants, the human consumption of dairy products is sourced primarily from the milk of cows, yet goats, sheep, yaks, horses, camels, and other mammals are other sources of dairy products consumed by humans.
  • List of dairy products
:* List of butter dishes :* List of cheeses ::* List of American cheeses ::* List of brined cheeses ::* List of British cheeses :* List of cheese dishes File:Cheeses in Freiburg - DSC06494.jpg|Various cheeses File:Dairy Crest Semi Skimmed Milk Bottle.jpg|A bottle of milk File:Bulgarian yogurt.JPG| Yogurt

Eggs

File:Flickr - cyclonebill - Vagtel-spejlæg.jpg| Fried eggs File:HK Sai Ying Pun Des Voeux Road West Tea Eggs Snack Shop.JPG|A batch of tea eggs with shell still on soaking in a brew of spices and tea, an example of edible eggs

Meat

:* List of bacon dishes :* List of sausage dishes :* List of hot dogs Image:Standing-rib-roast.jpg|The standing rib roast, a cut of beef File:Lots of meat.jpg|Various meats File:Chorizo (4776711673).jpg| Chorizo sausage

Cereals

  • – True cereals are the seeds of certain species of grass. Maize, wheat, and rice account for about half of the calories consumed by people every year. Grains can be ground into flour for bread, cake, noodles, and other food products. They can also be boiled or steamed, either whole or ground, and eaten as is. Many cereals are present or past staple foods, providing a large fraction of the calories in the places that they are eaten.
:* List of edible seeds :* List of fried dough foods ::* List of doughnut varieties :* List of maize dishes :* List of pasta :* List of porridges :* List of rice dishes

Seafood

:* List of fish dishes ::* List of cod dishes ::* List of herring dishes ::* List of raw fish dishes :* List of seafood dishes File:Plateau van zeevruchten.jpg| Seafood includes any form of food taken from the sea File:CantoneseRestaurantSeafood.jpg|Tanks of seafood at a Cantonese restaurant File:Balik Lachsräucherei, Lachshälften in der Räucherkammer 01.jpg|The preparation of smoked salmon File:SteamedLobster.jpg|Prepared lobster

Staple foods

  • staple food, sometimes called food staple or staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet in a given population, supplying a large fraction of the needs for energy-rich materials and generally a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well. Most people live on a diet based on just a small number of staples. Most staple plant foods are derived either from cereals such as wheat, barley, rye, maize, or rice, or starchy tubers or root vegetables such as potatoes, yams, taro, and cassava. Staple foods — Root and Tuber Crops Other staple foods include pulses (dried legumes), sago (derived from the pith of the sago palm tree), and fruits such as breadfruit and plantains. Staple Foods II – Fruits Of more than 50,000 edible plant species in the world, only a few hundred contribute significantly to human food supplies. Just 15 crop plants provide 90 percent of the world's food energy intake (exclusive of meat), with rice, maize and wheat comprising two-thirds of human food consumption. These three alone are the staples of over 4 billion people.
File:2014 uncooked Thai jasmine rice.jpg| Rice File:YellowCorn.jpg| Maize File:Wheat in sack.jpg|A sack of wheat

Prepared foods

Appetizers

are a type of hors d'oeuvre]]
  • (also known as hors d'oeuvre) – items served before the main courses of a meal, typically smaller than main dishes, and often meant to be eaten by hand (with minimal use of silverware). Hors d'oeuvre may be served at the dinner table as a part of the meal, or they may be served before seating. Stationary hors d'oeuvre served at the table may be referred to as "table hors d' oeuvre". Passed hors d'oeuvre may be referred to as "butler-style" or "butlered" hors d'oeuvre.
  • List of hors d'oeuvre

Condiments

relishes here accompany Nshima (top right)]]
  • condiment is something such as a sauce, that is added to some foods to impart a particular flavor, enhance its flavor, or in some cultures, to complement the dish. The term originally described pickled or preserved foods, but has shifted meaning over time.
  • List of condiments
:* List of brand name condiments

Confectionery

  • confectionery, or the making of confections, are food items that are rich in sugar. Confectionery is divided into two broad and somewhat overlapping categories, bakers' confections and sugar confections. Bakers' confectionery includes principally sweet pastries, cakes, and similar baked goods. Sugar confectionery includes sweets, candied nuts, chocolates, chewing gum, sweetmeats, pastillage, and other confections that are made primarily of sugar. Confections include sweet foods, sweetmeats, digestive aids that are sweet, elaborate creations, and something amusing and frivolous. Confection | Define Confection at Dictionary.com. Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved on 2014-02-16.
  • List of confectionery brands
  • List of chocolate bar brands
:* List of bean-to-bar chocolate manufacturers File:Candy in Damascus.jpg| Candy File:Chocolate02.jpg| Chocolate

Convenience foods

]]
  • convenience food, also known as processed food, is commercially prepared food designed for ease of consumption.

Desserts

  • dessert is a typically sweet course that may conclude a meal. The course usually consists of sweet foods, but may include other items.
  • List of desserts
:* (category) File:Desserts.jpg|An assortment of desserts File:Petits.fours.wmt.jpg|An assortment of petit fours File:Neapolitan.jpg| Neapolitan ice cream

Dips, pastes and spreads

is an avocado-based dip]]
  • dip or dipping sauce is a common condiment for many types of food. Dips are used to add flavor or texture to a food.
  • List of common dips
  • Paste – food paste is a semi-liquid colloidal suspension, emulsion, or aggregation used in food preparation or eaten directly as a spread. Pastes are often highly spicy or aromatic.
  • List of food pastes
  • Spread – foods that are literally spread, generally with a knife, onto bread, crackers, or other food products. Spreads are added to food to provide flavor and texture.
  • List of spreads

Dried foods

  • drying is a method of food preservation that works by removing water from the food, which inhibits the growth of bacteria and has been practiced worldwide since ancient times to preserve food. Where or when dehydration as a food preservation technique was invented has been lost to time, however the earliest known practice of food drying is 12,000 B.C. by inhabitants of the modern Middle East and Asia regions. "Historical Origins of Food Preservation". Accessed June 2011.
  • List of dried foods
File:Fish drying in the sun poisson seche Madagascar.jpg|Flattened fish being dried in the sun File:HK Kwun Tong Shui Wo Street Market Dried Goods Shop.JPG|Various dried foods in a dried foods store

Dumplings

File:Dumplings (3911158963).jpg| Dumplings in a basket, served with a dipping sauce

Fast food

  • fast food is the term given to food that is prepared and served very quickly, first popularized in the 1950s in the United States. While any meal with low preparation time can be considered fast food, typically the term refers to food sold in a restaurant or store with preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away. Fast food restaurants are traditionally separated by their ability to serve food via a drive-through. The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951.
File:In-N-Out Burger cheeseburgers.jpg| Fast food cheeseburgers File:Shish-kebab-MCB.jpg|Lamb shish kebab

Fermented foods

is a fermented food prepared from yogurt, water and mango pulp]]

Halal food

Kosher food

  • kosher foods are those that conform to the regulations of kashrut (Jewish dietary law). Food that may be consumed according to halakha (Jewish law) is termed kosher in English, from the Ashkenazi pronunciation of the Hebrew term kashér, meaning "fit" (in this context, fit for consumption). Food that is not in accordance with Jewish law is called treif or treyf, derived from Hebrew trāfáh.

Noodles

  • – The noodle is a type of staple food 4,000-Year-Old Noodles Found in China made from some type of unleavened dough which is rolled flat and cut into one of a variety of shapes. While long, thin strips may be the most common, many varieties of noodles are cut into waves, helices, tubes, strings, or shells, or folded over, or cut into other shapes. Noodles are usually cooked in boiling water, sometimes with cooking oil or salt added. They are often pan-fried or deep-fried. Noodles are often served with an accompanying sauce or in a soup. Noodles can be refrigerated for short-term storage, or dried and stored for future use.
  • List of noodles
  • List of noodle dishes
File:Noodle.jpg|Various types of noodles commonly found in Southeast Asia

Pies

]]

Salads

  • salad is a ready-to-eat dish often containing leafy vegetables, usually served chilled or at a moderate temperature and often served with a sauce or dressing. Salads may also contain ingredients such as fruit, grain, meat, seafood and sweets. Though many salads use raw ingredients, some use cooked ingredients.
  • List of salads

Sandwiches

  • sandwich is a food item consisting of one or more types of food placed on or between slices of bread, or more generally any dish wherein two or more pieces of bread serve as a container or wrapper for some other food.Abelson, Jenn. "Arguments spread thick". The Boston Globe, 10 November 2006. Retrieved 27 May 2009. The sandwich was originally a portable food item or finger food which began its popularity primarily in the Western World, but is now found in various versions in numerous countries worldwide.
  • List of sandwiches
File:Salad platter.jpg|A salad platter File:Chicken salad sandwich 01.jpg|A sandwich prepared with chicken salad

Sauces

being prepared, one of many types of sauces]]

Snack foods

" ("good old raisins and peanuts") is a classic trail mix and snack food]]
  • snack food is a portion of food often smaller than a regular meal, generally eaten between meals. Snacks come in a variety of forms including packaged and processed foods and items made from fresh ingredients at home.
  • List of snack foods

Soups

with meatballs]]
  • soup is a primarily liquid food, generally served warm (but may be cool or cold), that is made by combining ingredients such as meat and vegetables with stock, juice, water, or another liquid. Hot soups are additionally characterized by boiling solid ingredients in liquids in a pot until the flavors are extracted, forming a broth.
  • List of soups

Stews

File:Lamb-stew.jpg|Lamb and lentil stew

See also

References

External links

"green air" © 2007 - Ingo Malchow, Webdesign Neustrelitz
This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lists_of_foods, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lists_of_foods&action=history
presented by: Ingo Malchow, Mirower Bogen 22, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany